U=U explained

U=U stands for “Undetectable = Untransmittable”. It is a concept and public health campaign that underscores the fact that people living with HIV who achieve and maintain an undetectable viral load—a level of HIV in the blood so low that it cannot be detected by standard tests—cannot sexually transmit the virus to others.


Key Points of U=U:

  1. Undetectable Viral Load:
    • Achieved through effective and consistent use of antiretroviral therapy (ART).
    • Regular monitoring and adherence to treatment are crucial to maintaining an undetectable status.
  2. Untransmittable:
    • Scientific evidence supports that individuals with an undetectable viral load do not transmit HIV through sexual activity.
    • This greatly reduces the fear and stigma associated with HIV.